Tree of the Law
Rough megaliths of Stonehenge stand motionless
for thousands of years among fields and oak forests. Nobody and
nothing is able to disturb their severe stillness. The stones silently
keep the memory of prehistoric times, of creative power of human intellect
and hands. But this stiff round dance is not speechless. The sacred
song sounds eternally in the perfect world. Ancient music of unknown
spheres always excites and disturbs. The sad melody touches cordial
strings, arouses thoughts about the past, about the present, about the
future. Though, it is difficult for a person who has not been in those
far-away lands to judge of emotions
and thoughts of the people who were wandering for hours among secular oak forests,
among stone giants of Stonehenge.
Therefore we shall quote a testimony of the age-old visitor who was
in the temple of the Druids as early as in the 18th century: "For
everybody with logical intellect it is difficult to imagine greater
delight than a walk among these majestic ruins and contemplation of
Certainly, there are fantastically
beautiful landscapes and monuments of old times in many places. The
same exalted, indeed intellectual pleasure feels everyone, who in summer-time
finds himself at the mouth of the river Nerl, where this calm river
flows into the fast Klyazma river. Here the white-stone church of the
Intercession stands high among the foliage and above the greenery of
the meadows. In the 12th century, when the temple was under construction,
dense oak forests rustled around. And even nowadays the mighty Oaks-Giants
stand out in all their beauty on the banks of the rivers and in the
groves, they still keep ancient Wisdom and Beauty.
we showed the photos of Stonehenge to the local priest and asked:
– What these stones were intended
He looked at them for a long time
and then said instructively:
– It is a heathen temple of the Druids.
Here the pagan priests performed their rituals and sacrifices. The Druids
worshipped stones and trees, they prayed to oaks for sending rain and
mercy. In Russia there also was the pagan darkness, similar to that
of the Egyptian darkness, they revered the graven images and Peroun,
too. But, thank God, the light of truth
dawned upon our land.
– And what did the ancient Priests
– Ask: what could the forest shamans
know? The God is not in the oak, he is in the Church, our Father and
Savior is in the Heaven. The false belief of the pagan priests was rejected
a long time ago. For it was said: “The day of the Lord of Sabaoth is
near – all the oaks and stones, all the
towers and walls will fall down”. –
The Priest looked at the photo, at the whimsical boulders of megaliths,
and shook his head. – My! What a conglomeration!
And what for? Everything happened according to the Word of God: the
stone oaks have fallen and there is no salvation for them.
This conversation evoked different
thoughts. The sacred belief of the minister of religion was worthy of
respect. The heathen temples disappeared long ago, the white-stone churches
– the centers of spiritual life –
have been standing for centuries due to the efforts of the priests and
their congregations. But we are not sure if it is necessary to pin up
an age-old label – paganism,
to scorn the cults of the most ancient religions, that spiritual property,
the scraps of which are kept in the myths and legends, rituals and traditions?
For millennia before the Christians
people believed their Priests, worshipped wooden idols and stone graven
images, finding a support in severe life through rites and rituals.
The sacred Oaks and Stones were
the Rulers of nature for them,
the pre-images of the universal Gods, that had taught them to grow corn
and to tame animals, had granted them the signs for calculation and
writing, had revealed the secret of reckoning time. A sidereal calendar
is the most valuable spiritual treasure. It is known, that all the European
peoples had the cult of the Oak, and everywhere – from the Eastern Slavs
to the Western Celts – people considered sacred Trees and Stones the
rulers of calendar time. Thunderers emerged under different names –
Jupiter, Zeus, Odin, Thor, Dagda, Peroun, Perkunis. The ancient plurality
of Gods forms a complicated astral
hierarchy, that ascends from the Gods of the Sun and the Moon, Mercury
and Venus to the Divinities of Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, to the Rulers
of the far-off Constellations, drawn by the signs of the Zodiac. The
logic of comprehension of nature led to
the process when the old, known for a long time planetary Gods
were superseded and were submitted to the new ones, ascending to the
most principal and the highest, to the Unity. Only the highest Divinity
granted the exactest calendar.
The Oak is a beautiful and long-lived
tree. And, at the same time, the Tree is a symbol, a prophetic sign
of the development of a Kin, an embodiment of the universal Law of Nature
in its vegetative form. The sidereal world of Gods and terrestrial dwelling-place
of humanity are in the power of the omnipotent Logos – a triune principle
of spiritual formation, which was discovered in the remote past. Man
cultivated land and worked among plants and animals, assimilating the
environment. The adoration of the Oak was a spiritual act, connected
with the performance of strict seasonal rules, an obligatory life in
accordance with the common calendar cycles. Of course, the image was
perceived in different ways. For ordinary people – the Oak is an
unusual, sacred tree, external appearance of which influenced spiritual
mood, helped people to make their thoughts and acts commensurable with
natural phenomena. "Do not sow wheat before oak leaves come out".
"When all the leaves from oak – and birch-trees go down, there
will be an easy year for cattle and people".
L.Tolstoy in the novel War and Peace created a colourful picture,
showing to what a great extent the changes in appearance of the Oak
in the forest influenced the emotional
disposition of Andrew Bolkonski.
It is significant, that a footman of the prince and a coachman, both
peasants by birth, were the first to behold the beauty of the spring
forest, into which the coach drove. Peter, the coachman, unrestrainedly
turned on the box towards his master, who was deep immersed in his distressing
"How pleasant it is, your Excellency!"
he said with a respectful smile.
"It's pleasant, your Excellency!"
"What is he talking about?"
thought Prince Andrew. "Oh, the spring, I suppose," he
thought as he turned round. "Yes, really everything is green
already... How early! The birches, and ñherry and alders too
are coming out... But the oaks show no sign yet. Ah, here is one oak!"
At the edge of the road stood an
oak. Probably ten times the age of the birches that formed the forest,
it was ten times as thick and twice as tall as they. It was an enormous
tree, its girth twice as great as a man could embrace, and evidently
long ago some of its branches had been broken off and its bark scarred.
With its huge ungainly limbs sprawling unsymmetrically, and gnarled
hands and fingers, it stood an aged, stern and scornful monster among
the smiling birch-trees. Only the dead-looking evergreen firs dotted
about in the forest, and this oak, refused to yield to the charm of
spring, or notice either the spring, or the sunshine.
"Spring, love, happiness!"
this oak seemed to say. "Are you not weary of that stupid, meaningless,
constantly repeated fraud? Always the same and always a fraud! There
is no spring, no sun, no happiness!
Look at those cramped dead firs, ever the same, and at me too, sticking
out my broken and barked fingers just whether from my back or my sides:
as they have grown so I stand, and I do not believe in your hopes and
As he passed through the forest Prince
Andrew turned several times to look at that oak, as if expecting something from it. Under the
oak, too, were flowers and grass, but it stood among them scowling,
rigid, misshapen, and grim as ever. "Yes, the oak is right, a thousand
times right," thought Prince Andrew. "Let others – the young – yield afresh to that fraud, but
we know life, our life is finished!"
Other feelings possessed Andrew Bolkonski,
when he was returning from the Rostovs' estate and was driving along
the same road. All his thoughts were taken up by Natasha, a young and
charming creature, his heart overflowed with the feeling of new love.
And the whole revived and refreshed world aroused joyful hopes in the
soul of Prince Andrew. And he saw the familiar grove. "Everything
was in blossom, the nightingales trilled, and their voices reverberated
now near now far away.
"Yes, here in this forest was that
oak with which I agreed," thought Prince Andrew. "But where is it?" he again wondered, gazing
at the left side of the road, and without recognizing it he looked with
admiration at the very oak he sought.
The old oak, quite transfigured, spreading
out a canopy of sappy dark-green foliage, stood rapt and slightly trembling
in the rays of the evening sun. Neither gnarled fingers nor old scars
nor old doubts and sorrows were any of them in evidence now. Through
the hard century-old bark, even where there were no twigs, leaves had
sprouted such as one could hardly believe the
old veteran could have produced. "Yes, it is the same oak",
thought Prince Andrew, and all at once he was seized by an unreasoning
spring-time feeling of joy and renewal".
Everything happens in life, different
is the attitude of people towards the world around them, towards the
forests and groves and the separate trees. But if we think over the
question: whiat were the feelings of the Druid-Priest towards the sacred
Oak? – it is possible to assume that there
were the feelings of profound veneration and prayerful ecstasy. And
of fear in front of that mighty force, which is hidden in the Oak – a mighty terrestrial giant, dependent
only on the will of the Thunderer. While performing a ritual, he with
the intense attention looked closely at the appearance of the Oak and
in the secret signs he saw the Ruler of heavenly Bodies, the higher
Gods, that ruled with the help of thunder and lightning, rain and wind,
on which a crop and offspring, favor and retribution
depended. The Priest was obliged to recognize precisely and to interpret
correctly any answer to the people. Probably, the Druids-Priests relied
not only upon prayers and sacrifices. The long observations of the Sun
and the Moon, Jupiter and Saturn, the deep knowledge of the natural-climatic
phenomena, the seasons and terms calculated with the help of the stone
circles of Stonehenge, or of the wooden sanctuaries-calendars, helped
them to make correct prophecies-predictions.
Doubtlessly, the Priests were the
strict zealots of rituals and traditions, and due to their knowledge
of the surrounding world, to the ability of reckoning seasons and feasts,
they exceeded worldly experience of the local population, whose destiny
was their heavy daily labour. We shall note at once, that we shall give
the name of the Priests-Druids not only to the ancient ministers of
the Oak, not only to the Magi and the Shamans, but also to the most
ancient priests, the founders of the stone calendar of Stonehenge. In
this broad circle of the adherents of the cult of trees there were no
people equally worthy, too, as well as everywhere, and in all times
there was a hierarchy. Above the many who were called for ministering
there were raised the selected people, with the sacred wisdom, and,
maybe, the only one of them knew the most profound mysteries and secrets.
Being initiated into the ordinances,
the Druid-Augur dominated and controled, he scrupulously observed the
promised covenants, and when he was of very old age, having a presentiment
of his demise, he handed over the Words, Signs and Numbers of the Law
to the most faithful disciple, – the new leading light, in revelation
having apprehended already not only separate Parts, but the secret knowledge
as the Whole, he continued to observe the tradition and to keep reverently
the secret, obtained from the Gods of the First Time.
The Druid-Augur observed the High
Law. His powerful memory kept not only all niceties of the services,
peculiarities of the rituals and feasts. Combining the astral wisdom
with the art of healing, the High Priest could predict the future, foretell
the destiny. But the most important point is that he reverently kept
the mystery of Creation, the sacred measure of limits and cycles of
the Great Years. By a mind's eye the Augur pierced the obvious things
and also comprehended the essence of all phenomena. Knowing for sure,
that the Pantocrator had unrolled a Triad of the World from the Unity,
and initiated into the secret of life the Druid beheld the unseen Triunity
and foresaw the hidden action. Therefore in a sacred Tree, in the Oak,
and in each leaf of it, the Druid High Priest completely saw what was
not known to anybody. By a mind's eye he saw the Triads of the Law,
in each Part he behold the Whole, the penetrative Triunity, the alive
Sign of the Pantocrator.
Here is a curious question: what
the Druid First Priest and the keeper of the Triad of the World would
tell us about the Oak, if he had a chance to open a secret of the Law,
which reigns in the alive vegetative world? Perhaps, we need not then
take the impressions of Andrew Bolkonski to heart, the choruses of ritual
canticles would become inaudible too. Piercing by his mind the exterior
foliage and the bark of the green Oak, the Druid-Augur would announce,
how from the small acorns the mighty Oaks grow and stand, indestructible,
for five hundred, and one thousand years. He would tell us about its
inner structure, about the triune geometric cycle of increase, about
the omnipresent Seven and the mysterious Decade, about the Numbers,
which latently rule the Universe and display their figurative ability
in the mighty Tree of the Law.
The mystical geometry of the Tree
of the Law bears little resemblance to the worshipped Oak of the Druids.
Instead of the magnificent crown and the mighty trunk the surprising
numerical progressions, knots and lines of precise cycles will be revealed
to us. Nicholas of Cuza, an outstanding theologian of the 15th century,
whose authority is quite reliable, reproduces such a picture. He writes:
"The Seven of progressions goes out from
the Six, as if time with its sequence goes out from eternity. You will
find out the Seven in the nature of generated and perished things. For
example, when a seed produces (progreditur) a tree, and a tree produces
a seed, both these progressions are enveloped by the Seven: at first,
a seed  ascends into a sprout (2], then into a bush , and later
into a tree ; a tree descends into a branch , then into a sprout
 and, at last, into a fruit, or a seed . The last-mentioned one
is another by the number [a fruit contains a lot of new seeds - A.Z.],
if it is compared with the first,
and, as the end does not coincide by the number with the first beginning,
and the end of an outflow coincides with the beginning of an inverse
current, the result of it is just seven.
And from it comes ten. If a is as though a seed, d -
as though a tree, g - another
seed, k - another tree, then a through b and c passes to d, d
through e and f passes to g - so seven is finished, g
through h and i ascends into k, and
so the complete ten is got.
The individual determinancy
of the species in a, the
seed, is liable to decay, and is imperishable in its specific nature,
aiming to self-preservation by the force of the species concretized
in it, and wishing to arise into the species, throws away the individualization
of the seed, so that via the species to produce from itself similar
to itself. In the quadruple progression a seed ascends into a tree,
if it can not multiply itself in the specific similarity without its
"I have told you about a seed and a tree, but you
try to extract from here the knowledge about the universum, by means
of the same method building the suppositions concerning minerals, plants,
animals and all sensual things. Also use the things we have said about
symbolically in the field of mind and intellect. For example, from the
seed of surprise the tree of reasoning grows, giving similar fruits
of surprise; the tree of reasoning through the surprise, called by it,
erects the similar tree of reasoning. Just in the same manner from the
seed beginning of a proof the intellectual tree grows, which produces
some more seed beginnings from itself, through which the intellectual
tree grows again".
Destiny of the Oak
This is a perfect advice to everybody
who wants to cultivate his own intellectual
tree. Obviously, the symbolic significance of the Tree is very deep
and it has importance beyond the above-mentioned. The cult of trees,
including adoration of the Oak, during many centuries played a leading
role in the life of the European peoples, and it found a reflection
in ancient legends and myths, in rituals and customs. However, the mystical
sense of the Tree of the Law becomes clear, if we look at the age-old
kaleidoscope of religious beliefs in the light of biblical mythology.
Esotericism of the Bible contains a system of triads, where the profound
changes are displayed, that took place in the life of people among nature.
The sacred history develops according
to the ancient Law, where a kin and the people are formed in the triune
cycles. Everything begins at the Tree of knowing good and evil, where
Adam tasted a forbidden fruit, and, thus, made the first step along
the path of comprehension of the world of nature. But to tell the truth,
because of this it was not possible for him to taste the fruits from
the Tree of Life. Probably, the Creator also did not suspect about its
existence, nobody knew in the pastures of Heaven about the grace, that
is higher than the laws. Expelled from Eden Adam and Eve were engaged
in agriculture and augmentation
of the kin, earning their bread and obtaining new knowledge of the world
with the help of their personal experience.
The process of further mythological changes could
be presented as the ascension of Man-Mankind from the rural, natural
life to the urban, spiritual life.
Kin ® terrestrial (Adam) – vegetative
(Noah) – animal (Abraham – Jacob) – [Egyptian bondage] – kindreds
without genealogy (Moses – Joshua)
people ® natural
(First Temple) –superstitious [reforms of Josiah] – [Babylonian
ñaptivity] –legal [Ezra – Second Temple] – beneficial
[The New Testament].
Despite its conventionality, the
scheme allows to single out those biblical times and countries, where
the cult of nature reigned, which was correlated with the laws of the vegetative kingdom. Beginning from Adam, the patrimonial
Tree of the Law grew completely in Babylon and Egypt. These are the
two main ancient centers, where the Priests knew the astral Law in all
its completeness, and under which influence the radical changes in religious
views in many countries and lands took place. In the course of wars
and under the influence of the missionaries the old traditions were
broken, the other rituals and calendars were introduced, the new epochs
According to the Scripture, the cult
of nature spread in Israel after the exodus from Egypt. The daily service
on the land of promise was performed by the Priests according to the
laws and covenants, given by Moses, who had received them from the God
on Mount Sinai. The hierarchy of priests, established by the Lawgiver
was similar to that of Egypt both in its form and essence. The ordinances
and rites, sacraments and immolations were connected mystically with
the cult of Osiris, with the secret numbers of the sidereal calendar
of Thoth. For about six centuries twelve kindreds of the children of
Israel worshipped the natural Gods under the guidance of the Priests.
The priests, doubtlessly, diligently observed
traditions, ministered for the people in oak groves, on heights, worshipped
stars and heavenly bodies. The tenacious memory of the priests firmly
kept all obvious and secret canons of diverse services, therefore it
is unlikely that they used the sacred scrolls to read the covenants
and to update the calendar terms of seasons. The Moon showed time, and
the Laws of Moses were inaccessible. They were hidden in the sacred
ark, which, in spite of the fact that it was protected carefully, however,
was not saved. In one of the battles with the Philistines the Israelites
were defeated. The God's Ark was seized and the Book of the Law disappeared.
Probably, it was burned down in Siloam, burnt by the enemies. The work
of the first Lawgiver was kept only for 150 years, furthermore, the
sacred Dekalogue of Moses was the scroll forbidden both for the Priests
and for the readers from the people. No spiritual influence on the village
communities of the children of Israel was then rendered by the Pentateuch of Moses.
The miracle happened in 622 B.Ñ.,
when on the eighteenth year of his reign King Josiah sent Shaphan, the
scribe, into the House of the Lord for the silver. It was the high priest
Hilkiah who let the scribe know, that he had found the Book of the Law.
We can say that the find returned the Book of the Law to the new life.
However, everything which is new is disastrous for the old traditions.
When he heard the words of the Book of the Law, King Josiah "rent
his clothes". He understood, that the Covenants of God had not
been fulfilled from the times of David. Being afraid of the wrath of
God, Josiah decided to purge Judea and Jerusalem of all vileness and
he made a start.
When he was realizing his radical plans, Josiah
completely liquidated the former cult. From the House of the Lord in
Jerusalem he removed "all the vessels that were made for Baal,
and for the grove, and for all the host of heaven" (2 Ki.-23:4),
he burned them and sent the Priests into retirement. The reform expanded
quickly. Josiah ordered to destroy all heathen temples, to break the
statues of idols, to cut down the sacred oak forests, to stab all the
Priests and to burn their bones upon the altars. Created by Moses according
to the Egyptian sample the ancient caste of the Priests ceased to exist.
The religious reform of King Josiah,
and actually – a severe extermination of the Priests and the age-old
belief, fixes an important moment of the legendary history. The adoration
of the stones and the trees was eradicated. The sacred Oak was cut down.
The epoch of the Tree of the Law was finished. A complete rupture with
the ancient Egyptian tradition is also emphasized here. The Priests
of Egypt created a complicated cult, the ideas of which are vividly
expresses in the myth about Isis and Osiris. The service to the Gods
was connected with the careful account of the course of time according
to the calendar of the sage Thoth, therefore the Priests observed the
celestial heavenly bodies unceasingly. Some part of astronomical knowledge
was saved, probably, by the ecclesiastics of Israel, for they burned
"incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and... round
about Jerusalem", worshipped Ashtoreth and "burned incense
unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all
the host of heaven" (2 Ki.-23:5). The mass extermination of the
Priests was not only the loss of a former cult, that had been created
by Moses in the Sinai Desert. The experience of observation of heavenly
bodies was lost also, the practice of ministering according to a customary
calendar, the vestiges of the ancient astral knowledge disappeared.
Having broken the old belief, having
cut down the oak groves, Josiah with all his strength tried to spread
the belief in God "according to all the law of Moses" (2 Ki.-23:25).
In Jerusalem they even celebrated the Passover, which had not been celebrated
from the times of the Judges, and all the ritual was made "as it
is written in the book of this ñovenant". But it was late.
The bookish wisdom could not be inculcated quickly neither in superstitious
villagers, nor in townspeople. It was impossible to revive the spirit
of the Book of the Law of Sinai. For these wrongdoings the Lord in his
wrath rejected Israel and the city of Jerusalem – the invasion of
Nebuchadnezzar broke out, and after it the Babylonian captivity began.
We must notice, that Josiah was the
first king, who appealed to the Lord "with all his soul, and with
all his might, according to all the law of Moses". The words –"according
to all the law" – have to be noted. The matter is that the God's
Law was revealed in all its completeness to Moses on the Mount of Sinai.
But the prophet, taking into account the realities, let the Priests
know only a due part of the rules, necessary for the unification of
the twelve tribes of the children of Israel in the Promised Land. The
life of the farmers and cattle-breeders passed among the severe nature,
the people had no time for the high spiritual aspirations. The Oak,
oak groves and heathen temples, heights and mounts – are the signs of
accessible tops of knowledge, the symbols of the period, the beginning
of which was marked by the apparition of God to Moses in the flame of
the blackthorn bush. The reform of Josiah marks the end, so to speak,
of the natural, vegetative
stage of the sacred history, the end of the superstitions
and different beliefs,
it outlines the transition from the simple imitation of the nature to
the comprehensive perception of the Laws.
The similar symbolism was spread very
widely and was known, we may say so, to all the Ancient World. So, according
to the story by Plutarch, Romulus founded the future great city on the
Palatine hill, where still were oak forests, and he planned it in the
form of a hill, and he called it "Roma quadrata" (quadrangular
Rome). It is necessary to note, that Romulus loved solemn rites, and
offered sacrifices to the Gods near the trees, because his free youth
had passed in the countryside. But when during the battle for the city
he has struck down the King, he fulfilled the vow given the day before.
“To make his vow extremely pleasing to
Jupiter and to afford an opportunity of
seeing a pleasant and merry sight to his compatriots, Romulus
cut down a huge oak at his camp, trimmed it like a trophy, then fixed
and hung up in a strict order all parts of the armour of the King, and
he put on his festive clothes and decorated the undone hair with a wreath
of laurels. Having heaved the trophy on to his right shoulder and supporting
it in a direct position, he began singing a victory hymn and set out
ahead of the troops”. Symbolism and reality make a colourful picture
here. However in the kaleidoscope of events the idea is developed: for
the urban way of life the new Temples and Laws are necessary, the time
of adoration of the old Oaks passed.
According to Constantine Porphyrogenitus,
in the 10th century the Kievan Russes, when they passed the rough waters
on the Dnieper rapids, they held a thanksgiving service on the island
of Khortitsa. In that safe place "Russes accomplish their immolations,
because a huge oak (the tree of Peroun) grows there. They sacrifice
the alive roosters, they stick the arrows around, and the others put
the pieces of bread, meat". The similar rituals were fulfilled
not only around the trees. There are ancient sanctuaries everywhere
in which the role of the sacred Oak is performed already by Peroun himself,
in the form of wooden or stone graven image located in the center of
the circle arranged there.
In Eastern Europe the epoch of adoration
of the Oak was finished in the first millenium. The ambassadorial mission
of Constantine the Philosopher
to the land of the Khazars, performed by him in the year 860 is indicative
in this respect. On his way there he visited the Crimean city of Chersonesus.
There, in the extreme south of the Old Russian land, the future founder
of the Slavonic alphabet quite unexpectedly
for himself found "the Gospel and the Psalter, written in the Russian
language, and he found a man, who spoke that language and he had a conversation
with him". The fact is remarkable also because the Philosopher
not only simply saw the unfamiliar letters, but he closely distinguished
them, i.e. he studied "the vocal and consonant letters", and
soon he began to read and to translate himself.
The legendary event disturbs the
historical feeling of all the russophiles, because it stimulates the
statement, that long before the creation of the Ñyrillic alphabet
in the Russian land there were their own letters already, and in different
places people lived who were able to read, to count and to write. It
is indicative, that the validity of such judgments was confirmed by
Constantine himself. And in the most
unexpected way – by his further actions. The Philosopher knew perfectly
well, that if there the new language had appeared, especially – the
Gospel and the Psalter in the Russian language, it was a sign of the
new Law, which would become stronger in this land. It meant that the
old, incorrect law should be broken, and such an act would be in accordance
with the wishes of the Lord. The Byzantine messenger acts in the spirit of Holy Scripture everywhere.
After returning again to the Crimea from the land of the Khazars, where
he fulfilled his mission successfully, Constantine, already on his own
initiative departs to the pagan settlements. He is convinced: it is
necessary to clear the way to the new Law, which is rendered in the
Russian language. What does the Philosopher do? Extensive
Life-Story of Constantine-Cyril says:
"There was in the land of the
local tribe an oak which grew together with a cherry-tree, and under
it they offered sacrifices, naming it Alexander, and no females were allowed to approach it, or to make sacrifices.
And when the Philosopher heard about it, he set off to them sparing
no pains. And, standing among them, he said: "Hellenes were sent to eternal torments, worshipping [as the
god] the sky and the earth, so large and kind creations. And you, who
worship such a wretched creation, as a tree prepared for the fire, how
you can avoid the eternal fire?"
They answered: "Not now we began doing that,
but (this custom) from the fathers have accepted, and due to it all
our requests are fulfilled, and most of all there are often rains. And
how shall we do the thing, that nobody of us dares to do? If somebody
dares to do it, then he will behold his death, and he will see no rain
up to his very demise".
The Philosopher answered them: "The
God speaks about you in the Books, how you can reject him? Brothers,
get to know the God who has created you. Here is the Gospel of the God's
Òew Testament, in which you were baptized". And so by the
sweet words he coaxed them, and ordered them to cut down the tree and
to burn it. Their elder bowed and came up to kiss the Gospel, and so
did all the others. And having taken white candles from the Philosopher,
with singing they went to the tree, and, having taken an axe, the Philosopher
stroke the tree thirty three times, and he ordered everybody to cut
it down together with the root and to burn it. During the same night
there was a rain from the God. And they praised the God with great pleasure,
and the God rejoiced at that a lot". So, the Gospel written in
the Russian language received common recognizing, the new Law was established.
Constantine the Philosopher makes the first step on the long way of
christianizing of Russia. There was a new life ahead, and the former
life had passed. The prophetic sign of this fact was the old Oak, which
was cut down together with the alien cherry-tree.
We shall turn once again to Holy Scripture.
The reforms of Josiah ruined the old
belief, and it was not possible to fire the people with the new
one. The Babylonian captivity began, the covenants and regulations of
Moses, the Lawmaker, disappeared. Due to new circumstances a new Law
was necessary, in order to unite and to release the fellow-countrymen
from the captivity, to return the Children of Israel to the land of
promise. But where could such a Law be taken from? The creators of the
Myth, certainly, knew, that only the Lord could lead out from the dead-lock,
by means of giving revelation to a new prophet. Ezra became that prophet.
It is significant, that on the eve of meeting with the Lord Ezra was
quietly "sitting under an oak". It was here that he received
the order from above to create the new Book of the Law and to build
the Second Temple, because the First Temple was destroyed, and the Law,
given to Moses, – according to the words of Ezra, addressed to the Lord – "Your law
is burnt, so nobody knows, what was done by you or what should be done
by them" (3 Ezra -14:21. The Russian Orthodox Bible).
The Oak was not sacred for Ezra any more, it
was only the large tree, in the shadow of which he stayed, waiting for
the Lord to come. But the meaning of the ancient symbol was known to
him – the Tree of the Babylonian-Egyptian Law – the sign of natural
vegetative life, that was deprived of true spirituality, the time of
which had passed already. Certainly, the Most High God gave the revelation
and the new Law was written. "94 books were written in forty days.
And when forty days were over, the Most High God said: the first ones,
which you have written, put them open, so that they could be read by
both worthy and unworthy, but keep in order the last 70 to pass them
to the wise of the people; because they are a conductor of reason, a
source of wisdom and a river of knowledge. And I have done so"
(3 Ezra 14:46-48. The Russian Orthodox Bible). And after King Cyrus
had released the Jews from the Babylonian captivity in 538 B.C., Ezra
fulfilled the second order of the Lord –
he built the Second Temple in Jerusalem.
According to the Talmud, it is necessary
to consider the deeds of the two Lawmakers equally important: "Ezra
deserved to receive the Torah for Israel, but he was anticipated by
Moses". In this formula it is possible to see the recognition of
the fact that the ancient Torah actually has two sources: the Chaldean
and the Egyptian ones. Besides, it expresses various stages of the single
Law. The covenants and Laws of Moses were intended for the villagers,
the people and tribes of the natural way of life. Ezra developed and
introduced the bookish wisdom, basically – for the literate townspeople.
However, despite all the difference,
all the dissimilarity of exterior manifestations, these Laws are united
essentially, because they express different stages of the sacred history,
different levels of spiritual exaltation. We must note also, that usually
even the most archaic myths are connected with some mysterious numbers
or calendar dates. Mystical numbers and signs are the major elements
of legends and tales, they indicate the secret connection of events
with the higher Law – the Logos. The roots of the doctrine about the
Logos ascend to the earliest period of Ancient Egypt, where this universal
geometric Law was developed by the Priests-astrologers.
Roots of the Oak
We pay a lot of attention to the
Oak, because this Tree of the Law is a
great symbol of the epoch which passed a long time ago, the mighty figure of the Tree expressed deep knowledge
of the ancients about the Nature
of the Earth and the Stars. At the same time, it is a sign of the Limit,
where the cult life of trees terminates. The Oak is destroyed together
with the Gods. It means that those Priests-ministers dye, who prayed
at the Trees and offered sacrifices to the sidereal Divinities, and
together with them the astral Wisdom is lost and forgotten. The new
Gods established their authority in Heaven and on the Earth. It is always
painful and difficult to overcome a fatal Limit, it is a heavy wound
for the old world, and a healing blow - for the new one. As it was stated
above, the Oak was cut down, when the first Signs and Letters appeared,
when writing originated.
This idea was expressed in legends
and tales from time immemorial. Maybe, it was given in the most laconic
and bright form in the Myth about the self-sacrifice of Odin – the creator
of the Runic writing.
the branches in the wind
nine long nights,
with a spear,
a sacrifice to myself
roots are hidden
In the unknown bowels.
gave me a drink,
upon the ground,
a groan I raised them,
And from the tree I fell down.
Odin – the legendary warrior and the
priest - apparently, knew very well, what mission he had to fulfill.
As it is obvious from the northern chronicles, that the leader of the
Asian tribe of Aesir, in the first century of Christian era brought
the tribe from the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus to the North of Europe.
He came from the Black Sea to Russia, where he left one of his sons
as a ruler; he did the same thing in
Saxony and in the land of Franks. Then he set off to Denmark, where
his fifth son was recognized as a ruler, and therefrom – to Sweden,
where the local king, having given honours to the extraordinary wanderer,
initiated him into his Passion plays. It was here that Odin took his
name and ruled. He made the new code of the laws and he started the
sacred Passion plays. He founded a priestly clan of the 12 Drottars
(Druids?), who performed secret services, administered justice and executed
the predictions of destiny as
To a certain extent, the mission
of Odin is in conformity with the mission of Moses, – both of them give
the new Priests to the tribes, the
new laws and services, so that with the help of rituals and passion
plays to spiritualize the life, to unite the forest peoples, hunters
and farmers. It is impossible to exclude, that their doctrines are rooted
in the common source. Egypt is the center of the most ancient science.
It may be here, that for the first time the initial notions about
the creation of the World from the Unity, about
space and time, about the precession and the calendar were perceived
and deeply developed. In the prehistoric darkness the sources of the
discovery of the Logos are hidden, which universal geometry and the
secret Numbers penetrate the revelations of the ancient Priests. In
all its completeness this secret Law is embodied in the Sphynx and Pyramids
at El Giza, in the Egyptian temples, in the cult of Isis and Osiris,
in the mysterious calendar of the Thrice-Great Sage Thoth.
There are reasons to suppose, that
at one time there had been a universal planetary Center in the Ancient
World. Maybe, an old cataclysm destroyed the prehistoric civilization.
Rescueing the most valuable - i.e. the sacred Knowledge, the cohort
of the Sages moved into the delta of the Nile. When the natural element
has calmed down a little, the Priests of Egypt continued their cherished
work - to introduce and to spread the doctrine about the stars and the
Gods into the different lands and continents.
In ancient Memphis the Priests peered not only
into the heavenly heights. In the circle of their interests there were
the near-by and far-away lands, with the natives of which the educational
and missionary contacts were maintained. In the temples of Memphis and
other cities they had trained and initiated into their secrets the messengers,
the seekers after the truth from the Northern, the Eastern and the Western
countries beyond the sea many centuries before the visitors from the
Greek settlements appeared at the Pyramids. For different territories
the Priests-Astronomers created special calendar systems. Taking into
account natural life they connected their doctrine with the local traditions,
introducing the cult of the sidereal Rulers, teaching the vegetative
people - the collectors of fruit and farmers, the hunters and cattle-breeders
- to work on earth according to the God's will, which is manifested
in natural changes and signs, in celestial omens and planetary cycles
of heavenly Bodies. With the help of signs, drawings and figures, Numbers
and Words the Egyptian Priests wrote down the new cults and rituals, adapted for the assimilation
by the peoples of both settled and nomadic ways of life of different
From the Center of Wisdom the messengers
went throughout the world. The faithful ministers brought astral knowledge
to the distant countries, spread the universal Law. The legendary history
proclaims the mission of Osiris to be civilizing. From the banks of
the Nile the Egyptian Priest
Moses has withdrawn his fellow-countrymen. The doctrine of Odin about
the Universe, his runes and passion plays are conformable to many signs
and ordinances, that existed in the Mediterranean countries. The geography
of the ancient Egyptian influences is extensive. The traces of theology
and cosmogony of the Egyptian Priests could be seen in the American
Pyramids and in the legends about Quetzalcoatl, in the Mayan and
Aztek calendar of the Fifth Sun, in the myths of the Andes about the
God Viracocha, in Caaba, the celestial stone from Mecca, in the stone
calendar-observatory of Stonehenge. The universal Logos of Egypt is
quaintly connected with the astral symbolics in the East and the West,
in the North and the South.
Certainly, such statements seem hypothetic,
however, in our opinion, there is a good reason for them. And not only
from the historical and legendary point of view. The mystical Logos
– the Law of ancient theology and astrology –
can serve an obvious confirmation of that. The essence of this universal
logical and mathematical Law is explained by us in the treatise Mystery of the Torah, in the first book
of the triad called Wisdom of the Myth. Here we want to show how this theory can be applied
to the structures located rather far from each other and which are completely
not similar: i.e. the Great Pyramid at El Giza and the stone rings of
Stonehenge – the Great Sanctuary of the Priests-Druids. These masterpieces
of ancient architecture were created according to the principles of
astral theology. An important link of it is the Oak – the natural symbol
of exact time. This will be discussed further on.
About the English Book
But to begin with we shall tell you
about the book, that urged us on this rather unusual analysis. Doubtlessly,
a high pleasure was experienced by everybody, who read Stonehenge Decoded. The book by Gerald Hawkins and John White was
twice published in Russian, in 1973 and 1984, and disappeared from the
shop counters at once. It happened so, that we have got two identical
copies in our home library. And now, looking on the traces, left on
the shabby pages, it is possible to say that they have been in many
places and were read in different time, but always with the increased
interest and they did their readers a lot of good.
While working over the theme of our study
and following an age-old rule - "to read and to count" - we
made a lot of marks, notes, calculations on the margins too. The material
we studied brought us to the conclusion, that the mystery of Stonehenge
and the cult of the Druids were solved only partially, that it is necessary
to consider the ancient Sanctuary and the astral symbolics of the Oak
in the light of the Logos as well.
It is necessary to mark, that the
authors of Stonehenge Decoded
themselves indicate an incompleteness of the research. The stone
circles of Stonehenge are a sacred place as well as an observatory,
and a peculiar chronological machine. The scientists have convincingly
proved, that already in the neolithic epoch this structure was specially
created in order to fix the rises and sets of the Sun and the Moon on
the days of the summer and winter solstice, as well as at the vernal
and autumnal equinox. The observatory made it possible to control the
rotation of lunisolar eclipses, and even to predict their approach according
to the cycles of the Saros. So, the computer of the stone age worked
with a high degree of precision, as it was shown in Stonehenge Decoded. The book has an interesting and detailed interpretation
of historical facts and legends revealing the epoch and the process
of the construction of this extraordinary structure. But, as it happens
quite often, lucid answers evoke obscure questions.
We became interested in the geometry
of Stonehenge. Why are the stones of the Sanctuary located in circles?
What prompted the acceptåd dimensions? Which of the two underlies
the complex - an acñuãate theoretical calculation or a
sheer experiment? Was the stone machine used for the calendar time reckoning?
The questions are not new, but we shall try to answer them. We shall
use the book by G.Hawkins and J.White as the main source of information
about Stonehenge, and first of all because the exact sizes of the plan
of the Sanctuary are indicated in it. We recommend everybody, who wishes
to be acquainted with our research, which stand – we shall not conceal
it – rather far from
the modern scientific views, we recommend them to read Stonehenge Decoded, too. However, the key to the highest secrets of
the Sanctuary and the Oak of the Druids is concealed in the architectonics
of the Great Pyramid.